Cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) is based on the idea that how we think about a situation, impacts the way we respond to it. It is believed that unhelpful thoughts also impact one’s mood, creating a negative cycle. Psychologists would work with the client to help them identify and challenge their unhelpful thoughts and assumptions, and/or shift their behaviours to break the negative cycle and help improve their emotional well-being. It has found to be a particularly helpful therapeutic model to help tackle depression, anxiety, panic, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress, chronic fatigue, eating disorders, pain and anger management and problem/pathological gambling.
Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the unconscious processes deemed to be the root of a client’s emotional distress. It aims to enhance the client’s self-awareness through exploration of their past and helps them to develop an understanding of the influence past relationships and events have on their present response to events.